Authors should submit their revised manuscript as a Microsoft Word document (Word 2003 or earlier version; if you are using Word 2007, please save the file as a Word 2003 document). The manuscript should be double-spaced throughout, including the author affiliations, the Literature Cited, the figure captions, and the tables. The article should follow the style of Human Biology and should be written concisely.
The manuscript should be organized as follows. The first page should be a title page, including the title of the paper, authors’ names, complete authors’ affiliations, and key words.
The second page should contain the abstract of the paper (500 words maximum). The abstract should give a summary of the article and not be merely descriptive of it. For example, state the results and the conclusions; do not use such phrases as “The results are discussed in terms of epidemiology.” The prereview made by the editors is based solely on the abstract and title; therefore the abstract should be exhaustive and informative.
On the third page of the manuscript you should start the actual text. The text should contain the following sections: an introduction (untitled) outlining the background of your topic and stating your purpose in writing the present article; the materials and methods (the study population, statistical methods, measurement methods, etc.); the results; and a discussion,followed by a perspectives section, if needed. After the main text of your article, you should include a complete list of Literature Cited. In the text, you should cite references by author and date. In the Literature Cited section references should be in alphabetical order by author. The Literature Cited should include all references cited in the text, figure captions, and tables. Please do not pad your list with papers you do not cite. Following the Literature Cited section are the tables and the figure captions.
Each reference in the Literature Cited section should be complete. For journal articles this means that you should include the names of the first three authors (and then “et al.” to indicate more than three authors), date, title of article, journal title (abbreviated according to Index Medicus, or spelled out completely if the journal is not listed in the Index), volume number, and inclusive page numbers.
           Example : Smith, J. 2008. Distribution of haplogroups in Indian populations. Hum. Biol. 90:1<en>15.
For chapters in a book you must list the names of the first three authors, date, title of chapter, title of book, editors of book, publisher and its location (city and state if in the United States; city and country otherwise), volume number if necessary, and inclusive page numbers.
           Example : Jones, M. 2008. Overview. In Distribution of Haplogroups in India, J. Smith and N. Brown, eds. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1<en>22.
If you are referencing an entire book, include the names of the first three authors (or editors), date, title, and publisher and its location.
           Example : Smith, J., and N. Brown, eds. Distribution of Haplogroups in India. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.
Other types of references (technical reports, dissertations, etc.) should always include as much information as possible: the names of the first three authors (sometimes the author might be a corporation or an organization), date, title, publishing organization and its location, number of report, name of university and its location, series designation, etc. Articles appearing in conference proceedings should be treated as chapters in a book; that is, you should list the names of the first three authors, date, title of article, title of conference proceedings book (not the name of the conference, where it was held, and on what date), editors of the proceedings, publisher (probably the organization that sponsored the conference) and its location, and volume and page numbers.
You should place the tables after the Literature Cited section. Each table should be placed on a separate page, double-spaced, in Human Biology style. Use the table function in Word if at all possible (if you cannot use the table function, then use tabs between entries to make the columns; do not insert a series of spaces). Do not use vertical or slant rules. Keep in mind that the table should not contain more columns of data than will fit on a printed page turned sideways. The tables should be numbered sequentially in the order they are to appear. Make sure that each table is cited in the text in sequential order. Each column should have a heading, and all units should be clearly marked (%, cm, etc.).
Figures and Figure Captions
After the tables should be a list of figure captions. Because the figure captions are typeset, they should not be part of the actual illustrations. They should be placed on a separate page as you would the text, that is, double-spaced. You do not have to use a separate page for each caption. All illustrations should be in black and white and numbered sequentially. Keys and other internal matter should be lettered on the figure, or if possible, included in the figure caption.
Submit clear and readable originals of line drawings in addition to a PDF or jpeg files containing only the figures. Photocopies of figures are not acceptable. You should submit high-quality laser printer copies. Photographs should be clear, sharp, and of high contrast. They should be printed on glossy paper. Please keep in mind that your figures will probably be reduced to fit the journal page. Thus make sure that all lettering and symbols will be able to withstand substantial reduction and still be legible. The Press does not alter figures. Therefore what you submit is what is printed. It is to your benefit--and your readers’--to present the highest-quality figures.
It is the style of Human Biology to use the Human Gene Mapping Workshop nomenclature for genetic systems. This nomenclature system and its terminology are explained by Shows et al. in their article “Guidelines for Human Gene Nomenclature: An International System for Human Gene Nomenclature (ISGN, 1987)” [Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 46:11<en>28 (1987)]. In addition, the abbreviations for specific alleles, enzymes, markers, etc. are given by McAlpine et al. [“Report of the Nomenclature Committee and the 1989 Catalog of Mapped Genes,” Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 51:13<en>66 (1989)]. It is also the style of the journal to use metric units. In addition, symbols, diacritical marks, and other unusual characters should be clearly marked on the manuscript. Also be sure to distinguish between the number “1,” the letter “l,” and the letter “I” if you are using a sans serif typeface.

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